At exactly the same time, zero product introduced proof variance heterogeneity between your sexes

At exactly the same time, zero product introduced proof variance heterogeneity between your sexes


All in all, 923 youngsters taken care of immediately the new COBADI dos.0 survey (Table step one). The latest decide to try comprised primarily of females (81.2%), young (median decades = (5.2), minute. = 17, max. = 50), and in their first 12 months at the college or university (50.2%). Bayesian inference lets us get acquainted with inequitable examples regarding gender because it allows the addition of brand new research to possess coding later. New survey is actually brought electronically so you’re able to college students studying Public Degree and you can Societal Functions (Universidad Pablo de Olavide) and you will Pedagogy (UNED) for the informative years and you may . There are no limits with the contribution, and no economic or educational incentive try open to engage within studies.


With the George and Mallery (2003) classification, we found that the questionnaire had a high degree of overall reliability (? Cronbach = .83 (.81–.85), Guttman’s ?6 = .86). We also found a high degree of reliability in the subscale “Competences in the use of ICT for the search and treatment of information” (? Cronbach = .85 (.85–.89), Guttman’s ?6 = .87), moderate reliability in the subscale “Interpersonal competences in the use of ICT at university” (not considering items based on a preference scale, ? Cronbach = .65 (.58–.7), ?6 Guttman’s ?6 = .59), and moderate reliability in the scale “Virtual and social communication tools at university” (? Cronbach = .62 (.56–.68), Guttman’s ?6 = .51). The general descriptive results show (Table 3) that the vast majority of students have access to an Internet connection (98.2%). The time spent on the Internet is distributed among the following activities: university work (68.3%), use of social networks (63.9%) and listening to music (53.3%). It is significant that 77.8% stated that they never use Internet for gaming online, and 50.1% never use it to make new friends.

From the results for “Competences on the accessibility ICT toward browse and you can treatment of information”, i note that each other female and male students feel they have a good number of competence on the accessibility “online search engine”, “browsers”, “electronic cartography” and you can “podcasting”. The equipment they use having shorter assurance are “QR requirements” in addition to creation of “online demonstrations”. Gender differences is apparent about access to “electronic cartography”, with good Bayes basis out of , which indicates that the details was moments more likely to come on theory one to claims there is certainly a big change ranging from men and you will female people compared to the brand new hypothesis out of equal competence anywhere between brand new sexes. This indicates that is very good or decisive facts in go for regarding a change anywhere between women and men, that have a size of effectation of .34 (.17, .51). Therefore, there can be facts that male college students provides higher seen ability within the digital cartography as compared to women mГёte kvinner Nederland students. Which feeling are sustained toward introduction regarding a previous shipping that have an enthusiastic roentgen parameter of 1.5 (Bayes basis = , very strong or decisive facts). In terms of competence during the “on the internet demonstrations”, the outcome inform you a good Bayes basis regarding seven.29, and therefore implies that the details are eight.29 minutes more likely to are available in the fresh new hypothesis that there try a change anywhere between male and female college students compared to the fresh new theory regarding equal ability amongst the sexes. This shows there is positive otherwise big evidence of good difference between the male and you may women children, which have a sized effect of .28 (.10, .45). For this reason, discover facts the guys has deeper recognized competence from inside the development “on the web demonstrations” versus female. Which impression is actually sustained when as well as an earlier shipping having a keen r factor of 1.5 (Bayes grounds = 5.36), given that found for the Fig. 1.