Framework Throughout the Ptolemaic Time The development of one’s temple of Horus goes back to the Ptolemaic several months

Framework Throughout the Ptolemaic Time The development of one’s temple of Horus goes back to the Ptolemaic several months

A ruined pylon lies in order to the fresh new east of the current temple; inscriptional evidence has been seen demonstrating a developing system in The brand new Kingdom rulers Ramesses We, Seti We and you will Ramesses II. Of all of the temples away from old Egypt, the one in the Edfu is considered the most complete and best maintained when exposed by the Auguste Mariette about 1860s. This is because the newest forehead was completely immersed lower than the brand new wilderness apart from the top of the pylon entrance.

Short term History

The initial brick try laid for the 23 August 237 BCE and you can it is simply good century afterwards, into the ten Sep 142 BCE, your forehead is actually theoretically consecrated on presence of the King himself, Ptolemy VIII and his awesome spouse. The structure really works went on inside the 140 BCE into pronaos, then your pylon and close wall. The next consecration of your own temple was at 70 BCE, nevertheless monumental doorway on the cedars regarding Lebanon was just set up when you look at the 56 BCE.

Disuse While in the Roman Time The brand new temple out-of Edfu decrease to your disuse given that a spiritual memorial following the Theodosius I’s persecution regarding pagans and you can edict banning non-Religious praise from inside the Roman Kingdom within the 391 Le. As elsewhere, a number of the temple’s carved reliefs was basically razed (inspect) from the followers of your Christian believe and therefore concerned control Egypt. The latest blackened threshold (inspect) of your own hypostyle hall, obvious now, is thought are the consequence of arson meant to destroy spiritual photographs that was upcoming believed pagan.


Along side centuries, the fresh temple turned into hidden in order to a degree away from several metres (39 foot) below drifting wasteland sand and you may levels away from river silt deposited from the the Nile. Regional people mainly based homes individually across the former forehead basis. Just the higher is located at of forehead pylons have been noticeable because of the 1798, in the event that forehead is recognized by good French expedition. In the 1860 Auguste Mariette, good French Egyptologist, began work regarding releasing Edfu forehead regarding the sands.


Very first Pylon The building to your access pylons is started from the Ptolemy IX (116-107 BCE) prior to he was ousted out-of electricity because of the their aunt Alexander (Ptolemy X Alexander We 107-88 BCE) and you may done within the reign from Ptolemy XII. New pylons try decorated because of the Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (117-51 BCE) inside the 57 BCE having numbers off himself smiting the fresh adversary. All the towers sustain an excellent cartouche out-of Ptolemy XII, however they are a small some other. A few statues from Horus just like the a great falcon flank the fresh entrances entrance, and you may behind the new pylon, at the base of the walls for the each side of entrance, was scenes depicting new “Meal of your own Breathtaking Appointment” in which Horus from Edfu was joined with Hathor regarding Dendera.

The back wall space (inspect) of your own colonnade are wrapped in several rows of high reliefs depicting the fresh new Pharaoh (Ptolemy IX Soter II or Ptolemy X Alexander I) carrying talk to new gods otherwise on successful goodness Horus. Equivalent representations is constant all over the temple. Toward edges of your pylon, this new pharaoh are revealed, towards Down Egyptian top to your west front side therefore the Top Egyptian top to your eastern front side, continuing toward forehead and being sprinkled to the liquids out-of consecration because of the Horus and you may Thoth.

Court regarding Products The massive peristyle very first legal was enclosed by 32 imposing columns (inspect), and here an altar whould had been. The columns try richly decorated which have floral and you can hand capitals, and also the wonderful-hued brick walls try secure in the reliefs of your own gods Horus and Hathor. Simply to brand new left of access toward Vestibule, the fresh new thriving black colored granite sculpture out-of Horus, which could has to start with become element of a pair, wears the latest double top out-of Egypt and you can guards the entranceway into new farther has reached of one’s temple.